This website was created under the Project Cross-Border Litigation in Europe: Private International Law Legislative Framework, National Courts and the Court of Justice of the European Union (JUST/2013/JCIV/AG/4635). The Project is co-funded by the European Union. The Principal Investigator is Professor Paul Beaumont, School of Law, University of Aberdeen.


Aim of the Project


The Project aims to consider whether the current European Union court system is optimal for the creation of a Europe of law and justice. In particular, we aim to provide answers to the following research questions:


1. Is the institutional architecture in Europe suited to provide an effective remedy for cross-border litigants whose rights have been violated? (Compare: Article 47(1) of the Charter for Fundamental Rights)


2. Do national courts deal appropriately with harmonised PIL instruments?


3. Does the CJEU deal appropriately with harmonised PIL instruments?


4. Is there a need for reform? If so, what should be the direction of any potential reform?



The consortium conducts research and field work employing a mix of research methods in a representative sample of Member States. Databases for the cases before national courts as well as for the preliminary references before the CJEU were compiled. Furthermore, it was necessary to reflect the views of legal practitioners and EU policy makers – qualitative interviews have been conducted to test participants’ attitudes and feelings on the functioning of the European court system. The research partners have organised a series of workshops in the target countries.
The results of the research will be presented at the final conference, which will take place on 17 June in London.
After completion of the project the EUPILLAR project book will be published.